ISO Cleanroom Classifications
Originally the U.S. General Service Administrations’s standards known as FS209E were used as the global standard. Since then, global classifications and standards have been created and adopted. The ISO cleanroom standards offer international consistency and have been developed by a technical committee of controlled environment subject matter experts.
FS209E contains six classes, while the ISO 14644-1 classification system adds two cleaner standards and one dirtier standard (see chart below). The “cleanest” cleanroom in FS209E is referred to as Class 1; the “dirtiest” cleanroom is a class 100,000. ISO cleanroom classifications are rated according to how much particulate of specific sizes exist per cubic meter (see second chart). The “cleanest” cleanroom is a class 1 and the “dirtiest” a class 9. ISO class 3 is approximately equal to FS209E class 1, while ISO class 8 approximately equals FS209E class 100,000.
Controlling contamination is essential in many manufacturing and research activities. The use of clean rooms, along with strict and stringent processes, makes this possible. The recently revised ISO standards for cleanrooms can help.
In November 2001, Federal Standard 209E was superseded by the new ISO 14644-1 international standards. References to FS209E are still used; the comparison chart below illustrates the relationship between the two standards.
|ISO 14644-1||FEDERAL STANDARD 209E|
Airborne Particulate Cleanliness Classes (by cubic meter):
|CLASS||Number of Particles per Cubic Meter by Micrometer Size|
|0.1 micron||0.2 micron||0.3 micron||0.5 micron||1 micron||5 microns|
Table 2: Selected airborne particulate cleanliness classes for cleanrooms and clean zones. Classification Parameters from ISO 14644-1.
ISO 14644-1 Cleanroom Standards
In 1999 Cleanrooms and associated controlled environments-Part 1: Certification of Air Cleanliness was created to replace the old Federal Standard 209-E. Within this document the various classification systems are based upon the requirements for counts associated with non-viable particulates. The limits stated in this document are depicted in Table 1.
Learn more about cleanroom-related ISO standards:
Cleanrooms and associated controlled environments — Part 1: Classification of air cleanliness by particle concentration
Cleanrooms and associated controlled environments — Part 2: Monitoring to provide evidence of cleanroom performance related to air cleanliness by particle concentration